Ankle sprains commonly occur in a large majority of the population, usually by an unnatural twisting action when the foot is planted awkwardly. This can happen in both directions with the ankle rolling inwards (inversion sprain) or outwards (eversion sprain) when the ground is uneven, or when an abnormal amount of force is applied to the ankle joint. This causes an overstretching of the ligament, which can range from a GD1 to a GD3 sprain.
What causes ankle sprains?
Ankle ligaments are most commonly injured in sports that require change in direction, jumping/landing and external factors. However, we are more commonly seeing repetitive chronic ankle injuries. This is a huge predisposing factor to rolling the ankle again, due to the ligaments already being overstretched and not properly rehabilitated. This causes the muscles around the ankle to over compensate leading to laxity in the ligaments and chronic ankle instability. Sometimes ankle ligaments aren’t as simple as they seem, as problems may also be occurring further up the chain in the knee and hip joints.